My name is Hanna Lahtela and I am a 25-year-old law student from Finland. I will be working as a Legal Trainee at LexDellmeier Intellectual Property Law Firm from January until the end of June 2019.

My interest in IP law started even before I was accepted to law school. One of our books for the admission test was about IP law and I received a strong basic knowledge already at that point. I am studying my fifth and final year at the University of Helsinki and my interest in IP law has just increased year by year. In 2016, I participated in the annual Nordic IP Moot Court Competition in a team of three persons. Currently I am working on my Master’s thesis regarding trademarks that are contrary to public order or morality.

I have previously worked as a trainee in two law firms in Helsinki, assisting lawyers with various assignments relating to IP law. I am excited about working with IP law related matters also in Munich. This traineeship is an excellent opportunity to widen my knowledge in this field. My goal is also to maintain and practice my German language skills during the traineeship. This is my second time living in Germany, as I have studied one semester as an Erasmus exchange student at the University of Freiburg in 2016. I really enjoyed studying in Germany, and this spring will certainly be just as great. Weiterlesen über Legal Trainee at LexDellmeier Intellectual Property Law Firm

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A design is a commercial property right, which assigns an exclusive right of use for an esthetic design - meaning the outer appearance of products - to its proprietor.

As designs, you could protect:

Two- or Three-dimensional appearances, with a certain design or color, form, shape, material, logos, icons, surface structure (e.g. the outward appearance of a mobile phone, an electrical device, a handbag, a lamp etc.).

BUT: No computer programs, no appearing attributes that only depend on their technical function, or those having to be rebuilt to enable the construction of another product.

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™  is the abbreviation of „Trademark“;

®  is the abbreviation of „Registered“

In Germany those symbols do not constitute a trademark but a registration is required. The use of these symbols is though only permitted in relation to a registered trademark. Otherwise there is an infringement of Competition Law.

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A trademark is obtained in most countries via a registration (not mere use). The protection of a  trademark covers only the territory and the goods and services for which the trademark was registered.

On a territorial level there are different  possibilities:

-     Application and registration at the German Patent and Trademark Office (GPTO) in Munich for German trademarks (http://www.dpma.de/).  German trademarks can claim protection in Germany only

-     Application and Registration at the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) in Alicante, Spain, for Community Trademarks (http://www.oami.eu/).  A Community Trademark or EU-Trademark covers all EU Member States (currently 27)

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A trademark is a sign protected by law, serving to distinguish goods and services of one enterprise from those of another. Besides it implies the following functions of:

-  origin

-  communication

-  guarantee

There are different types of trademarks:
-  Expressions, letters or numbers  (wordmark),

-  A picture or logo (figurative mark), as well as the combination of words and pictures (word-design mark);

-  A color or a combination of colors (color mark);

-  Three-dimensional shapes (3-D-mark),

-  Radio-jingles or a combination of a melody (sound mark);

-  Slogans and even gestures (move mark)

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