A (8) | B (2) | C (16) | D (13) | E (6) | F (5) | G (7) | I (5) | L (7) | M (4) | N (1) | O (2) | P (8) | R (5) | S (4) | T (15) | U (5) | V (1) | W (5)

Legal Action / Law Suit

A legal action is the first step of a legal proceeding between two parties. It is a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another and it contains a request of a court decision. 

Letter of Completion

A letter of completion is a last request to the debtor to hand over a final declaration, before submitting a claim.


A licensing agreement is a consent by the rights owner to the use of their assets, in exchange for something. A license can be temporarily or territorially limited. Licenses (and rights on so called merchandising articles) are normally based on contracts. 


Licensing of intellectual property rights is regulated by the combination of rules governing the intellectual property rights, such as trademark, design as well as patent law and general contract law.

Likelihood of Confusion

Likelihood of confusion means a situation where there is a risk that the public might believe that the goods and services in question come from the same undertaking or from economically linked undertakings. When deciding whether there is a likelihood of confusion between two marks, the similarity of the marks and the commercial relationship between the goods and/or services listed in the application need to be evaluated. The likelihood of confusion is judged according to the following criteria: identity or similarity of the other party's trademark, identity or similarity of the other party's goods or services and the distinctiveness of the earlier trademark.

List of Goods and Services

See Nice Classification. 

Locarno Classification

The Locarno Classification is the international classification system of industrial designs. The agreement of establishing the classification is the result of a multilateral treaty which was founded at a conference held in Locarno in 1968.  It allows to attribute designs in a largely uniform manner to different classes of goods. The Locarno Classification currently comprises 32 classes and 219 subclasses with detailed descriptions of goods.