At the end of 2020, the new GIview search database for all Geographical Indications (GIs) was officially launched at the online conference “Strengthening GIs”. This new tool has been developed by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) and is constantly updated with official registered data from the European Commission (Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development).

Weiterlesen über GIview – the new database for Geographical Indications

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™  is the abbreviation of „Trademark“;

®  is the abbreviation of „Registered“

In Germany those symbols do not constitute a trademark but a registration is required. The use of these symbols is though only permitted in relation to a registered trademark. Otherwise there is an infringement of Competition Law.

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A trademark is obtained in most countries via a registration (not mere use). The protection of a  trademark covers only the territory and the goods and services for which the trademark was registered.

On a territorial level there are different  possibilities:

-     Application and registration at the German Patent and Trademark Office (GPTO) in Munich for German trademarks (http://www.dpma.de/).  German trademarks can claim protection in Germany only

-     Application and Registration at the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) in Alicante, Spain, for Community Trademarks (http://www.oami.eu/).  A Community Trademark or EU-Trademark covers all EU Member States (currently 27)

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A trademark is a sign protected by law, serving to distinguish goods and services of one enterprise from those of another. Besides it implies the following functions of:

-  origin

-  communication

-  guarantee

There are different types of trademarks:
-  Expressions, letters or numbers  (wordmark),

-  A picture or logo (figurative mark), as well as the combination of words and pictures (word-design mark);

-  A color or a combination of colors (color mark);

-  Three-dimensional shapes (3-D-mark),

-  Radio-jingles or a combination of a melody (sound mark);

-  Slogans and even gestures (move mark)

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